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Is it still a big problem today? Find out here

The Homelessness Monitor: England is a key report. It’s published every year, and run by Crisis. Read the key findings, and download the executive summary or full report for the 2023 edition.

Learn what homelessness means

The sleeping bag in the shop doorway is probably the first image that comes to mind. But sleeping rough is just one aspect of homelessness. How can we understand it better?

It’s a very precise word. Homelessness simply means living without a home. And none of the following count as a home:

  • Shelters

  • Temporary accommodation

  • Sofa surfing

  • Emergency B&Bs

If you’ve visited any of the above, you’ll know that they keep out most of the cold and wet, but they are not a place you can call home. The journey to a proper home is our main focus and think of yourself as a helping hand on that journey.

The homelessness challenge

A lot of work is carried out in Oxfordshire to address homelessness, often under the public radar. Many people who were previously rough sleeping have since been helped into next-step accommodation.

But that doesn’t mean they’ve found a home. The actual number of people experiencing homelessness in Oxfordshire, rather than just people sleeping rough, has not altered significantly over the last two years.

Who is homeless?

People who are homeless are no different from you. It’s too easy to view homelessness as something ‘other’, to think in terms of tags rather than in terms of people.

It’s also common for homelessness to be viewed as an individual rather than a collective problem—a series of bad decisions or irresponsible actions. With this mindset, the only solutions are clean beds and hot meals, addressing the problem in isolation from its causes.

However, homelessness is directly linked to larger structural forces, such as rising housing costs and the strength of our social security net. Clean beds and hot meals alone do nothing to alter these grim facts.

One rough sleeper described their start in life as “the merry-go-round ride from hell that you just can’t get off”. Oxfordshire Homeless Movement will help people leave that nightmare merry-go-round.

No one wants to be defined by their difficulties rather than their aspirations and individuality

Rough sleeping—the tip of the iceberg

Rough sleeping is the most visible element of the homelessness jigsaw, but it's just the in-your-face part of a much bigger issue.

People often end up sleeping rough through no fault of their own, for a variety of reasons:

  • Many have been left behind due to economic factors such as lack of affordable accommodation, welfare cutbacks, and cuts to services such as mental health and social care as part of the ‘austerity’ drive.

  • Some homeless people endured dysfunctional and abusive childhoods.

  • Several have experienced relationship breakdown, loss of work, debt, alcohol or substance misuse.

  • Some homeless people have been 'looked after' for so long—in the armed forces or prison, for example—that they find it hard to adjust afterwards.

  • The ‘no local connection’ policy prevents people gaining access to some services, including housing, if they have no roots in the area. Some may have moved to Oxfordshire because they found insufficient support in their previous location.

  • Homelessness affects people’s physical and mental health, so the longer someone is in this situation, the greater the risks.

  • Mental health issues often exacerbate other problems.

Rough sleeping—no choice?

Many people roughsleeping are keen to follow a path away from the streets and homelessness. Others become or remain homeless because that pathway represents hurdles, challenges and threats far greater than a park bench or shop doorway.

  • In Oxfordshire, the services find it hard to engage with up to 40% of the people sleeping rough.

  • Some have been previously let down or have no trust in the system ultimately delivering change for them, and so don’t see the point.

  • Some are trying to escape or forget the traumas of their life through alcohol and/or drugs, and judge this to be easier, or preferable, to dealing with the trauma and moving on.

  • Others display chaotic behaviour that makes engagement difficult. Many have mental health issues, and many have additional support needs due to substance misuse.

OHM's ultimate goal is to eliminate homelessness. To deliver empowerment, and to help people fulfil their aspirations.

Is there a better way?

There is now a new Oxfordshire Homelessness Alliance. This new collaborative approach will aim to bring more integration across services with 6 local charities, including Aspire, St Mungo's, A2Dominion, Connection Support, Elmore and Homeless Oxfordshire, who are working with all local councils to prevent and reduce rough sleeping across Oxfordshire.

The Oxfordshire Homelessness Alliance also works with LEAF to ensure the voices of people experiencing homelessness are central to this work.

A housing led approach—also called ‘housing first’ and ‘rapid rehousing’—operates under the belief that everyone has a right to a home. It removes the condition that someone must be tenancy ‘ready’. Our county took on this approach after a feasibility study (summary report | full report).

Oxfordshire is the first UK county to adopt the approach. Progress on delivery will be in our future news releases. (See the launch of the Alliance press release on Homeless Oxfordshire’s website.)

See also:

If you want to find out the ways in which you can help, then please pop back to our main I want to help section.

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